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Facts - Books - News    U.S. Facts Of Law:

Employment Wages

 

Employment wages are sums of money paid for a specified quantity of labor.  When expressed as an amount of money for a specific time frame it is called a wage rate.  The wage rate is usually the most important aspect of negotiation with regards to the employment contract.

A salary is an employment wage that is normally not paid by the hour but more often at a monthly or annual rate.  The term, salary, derives from an earlier time when employee wages included, among other things, salt.

Wages in the United States are mostly market driven and heavily dependent upon the number of jobs available versus the number of qualified workers available to fill those jobs.  Hourly wages in the U.S. vary depending upon the job requirements and worker availability and can vary from a minimum wage of a few dollars per hour up to one hundred dollars per hour or more.

Minimum wage rates have been established by federal and state governments in an effort to prevent exploitation of low skilled, low paid workers.

Minimum Wages In The United States

The first minimum wage established by the federal government was $0.25 per hour as established by the National Recovery Act of 1933.  The U.S. Supreme Court decided in 1935 that the law establishing the minimum was was unconstitutional and it was abolished until 1938 when Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act again establishing the minimum wage at $0.25 per hour again which amounted to $3.22 in 2005 dollars.  The federal minimum wage reached its highest purchasing power in 1968 when it was set at $1.60 per hour or $8.85 in 2005 dollars.

During the 1990's states local jurisdictions were allowed to set their own minimum wage above that established by federal statute.  Some states and cities have enacted legislation that increases the minimum wage above federal levels.  The most notable is the City of San Francisco which currently has the highest minimum wage of any jurisdiction in the United States.

 

The debate over where to set the minimum wage rages around two issues.  The first being the supposed right of any worker to receive sufficient income to lead a normal life.  This is opposed on the other side by the second that stresses that wages should be market driven and some businesses are placed at a disadvantage when forced to pay a higher wage than that set by a free wage market.  The latter can have a disastrous effect on the economy if business is forced to pay some workers more than they produce in return.  Some have proposed indexing the minimum wage to the Consumer Price Index thereby eliminating the debate each time a higher rate is proposed.

Below is a list of the recent minimum wage as set by each state for those jobs covered by the minimum wage laws.  Some jobs which are in small companies or include tip income may be subject to lower minimum wage rates.  Some local jurisdictions may have higher minimum wages within states and are not noted.

Legal Minimum Employment Wage by State

* Federal $6.55 (29 USC Sec. 206)

* Alabama No state minimum wage law.
* Alaska $7.55
* Arizona $6.90
* Arkansas $6.25
* California $8.00 ($9.36 in San Francisco)
* Colorado $7.02
* Connecticut $7.65
* Delaware $7.15
* District of Columbia $7.55
* Florida $6.79 (rises with inflation)
* Georgia $5.15
* Hawaii $7.25
* Idaho $6.55
* Illinois $7.75
* Indiana $6.55
* Iowa $7.25
* Kansas $2.65
* Kentucky $6.55
* Louisiana No state minimum wage law.
* Maine $7.00
* Maryland $6.55
* Massachusetts $8.00
* Michigan $7.40
* Minnesota $6.15
* Mississippi No state minimum wage law
* Missouri $6.65
* Montana $6.55
* Nebraska $6.55
* Nevada $6.85
* New Hampshire $6.55
* New Jersey $7.15
* New Mexico $6.50
* New York $7.15
* North Carolina $6.55
* North Dakota $6.55
* Ohio $7.00
* Oklahoma $6.55
* Oregon $7.95
* Pennsylvania $7.15
* Rhode Island $7.40
* South Carolina No state minimum wage law
* South Dakota $6.55
* Tennessee No state minimum wage law
* Texas $6.55
* Utah $6.55
* Vermont $7.68
* Virginia $6.55
* Washington $8.07 (with future increases linked to inflation)
* West Virginia $7.25
* Wisconsin $6.50
* Wyoming $5.15

 

 

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Debating The Impact Of Raising The Minimum Wage Columbia Missourian
Debating the impact of raising the minimum wage Columbia Missourian quotUltimately, the consumer is going to pay for higher pay,quot Dillard said, quotand it might mean more streamlining of jobs, where one and a half persons did the job and now one person does the job. So you may be affecting your labor pool by increasing the

Employer Canapost Deduct Wages For Register Shortages GoErie.com
Employer can39t deduct wages for register shortages GoErie.com Dear Carrie: Is it legal for an employer to deduct from the wages of bartenders and cashiers when their tills come up short Pay Away. Dear Pay Away: No it isn39t. Employers are only allowed to deduct certain items from an employee39s wages, such as

US Job Growth Picks Up Flat Wages Raise Consumer Spending Worries Reuters
Reuters US job growth picks up flat wages raise consumer spending worries Reuters Nonfarm payrolls increased by 261,000 last month as 106,000 leisure and hospitality workers returned to work, the Labor Department said in its closely watched employment report on Friday. That was the largest gain since July 2016 but below economists39 US Adds 261000 Jobs as Storm Effects Reverse Wages StallBloomberg October Jobs Report: Everything You Need to KnowWall Street Journal US employers add 261000 jobs in October, but wage growth stays subduedLos Angeles Times New York Times Investoraposs Business Daily Bureau of Labor Statistics all 321 news articles raquo

Amazon Workers In Germany, Italy Stage Black Friday Strike U.S. News Amp Wor...
U.S. News World Report Amazon Workers in Germany, Italy Stage Black Friday Strike U.S. News World Report The German union has been leading a push since 2013 for higher pay for some 12,000 workers in Germany, arguing Amazon employees receive lower wages than others in retail and mail order jobs. Amazon says its distribution warehouses in Germany are and more raquo

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Facts of Law covering employee wage laws

Facts of Law - Employee Wages