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Facts - Books - News    U.S. Facts Of Law:

Employment Wages

 

Employment wages are sums of money paid for a specified quantity of labor.  When expressed as an amount of money for a specific time frame it is called a wage rate.  The wage rate is usually the most important aspect of negotiation with regards to the employment contract.

A salary is an employment wage that is normally not paid by the hour but more often at a monthly or annual rate.  The term, salary, derives from an earlier time when employee wages included, among other things, salt.

Wages in the United States are mostly market driven and heavily dependent upon the number of jobs available versus the number of qualified workers available to fill those jobs.  Hourly wages in the U.S. vary depending upon the job requirements and worker availability and can vary from a minimum wage of a few dollars per hour up to one hundred dollars per hour or more.

Minimum wage rates have been established by federal and state governments in an effort to prevent exploitation of low skilled, low paid workers.

Minimum Wages In The United States

The first minimum wage established by the federal government was $0.25 per hour as established by the National Recovery Act of 1933.  The U.S. Supreme Court decided in 1935 that the law establishing the minimum was was unconstitutional and it was abolished until 1938 when Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act again establishing the minimum wage at $0.25 per hour again which amounted to $3.22 in 2005 dollars.  The federal minimum wage reached its highest purchasing power in 1968 when it was set at $1.60 per hour or $8.85 in 2005 dollars.

During the 1990's states local jurisdictions were allowed to set their own minimum wage above that established by federal statute.  Some states and cities have enacted legislation that increases the minimum wage above federal levels.  The most notable is the City of San Francisco which currently has the highest minimum wage of any jurisdiction in the United States.

 

The debate over where to set the minimum wage rages around two issues.  The first being the supposed right of any worker to receive sufficient income to lead a normal life.  This is opposed on the other side by the second that stresses that wages should be market driven and some businesses are placed at a disadvantage when forced to pay a higher wage than that set by a free wage market.  The latter can have a disastrous effect on the economy if business is forced to pay some workers more than they produce in return.  Some have proposed indexing the minimum wage to the Consumer Price Index thereby eliminating the debate each time a higher rate is proposed.

Below is a list of the recent minimum wage as set by each state for those jobs covered by the minimum wage laws.  Some jobs which are in small companies or include tip income may be subject to lower minimum wage rates.  Some local jurisdictions may have higher minimum wages within states and are not noted.

Legal Minimum Employment Wage by State

* Federal $6.55 (29 USC Sec. 206)

* Alabama No state minimum wage law.
* Alaska $7.55
* Arizona $6.90
* Arkansas $6.25
* California $8.00 ($9.36 in San Francisco)
* Colorado $7.02
* Connecticut $7.65
* Delaware $7.15
* District of Columbia $7.55
* Florida $6.79 (rises with inflation)
* Georgia $5.15
* Hawaii $7.25
* Idaho $6.55
* Illinois $7.75
* Indiana $6.55
* Iowa $7.25
* Kansas $2.65
* Kentucky $6.55
* Louisiana No state minimum wage law.
* Maine $7.00
* Maryland $6.55
* Massachusetts $8.00
* Michigan $7.40
* Minnesota $6.15
* Mississippi No state minimum wage law
* Missouri $6.65
* Montana $6.55
* Nebraska $6.55
* Nevada $6.85
* New Hampshire $6.55
* New Jersey $7.15
* New Mexico $6.50
* New York $7.15
* North Carolina $6.55
* North Dakota $6.55
* Ohio $7.00
* Oklahoma $6.55
* Oregon $7.95
* Pennsylvania $7.15
* Rhode Island $7.40
* South Carolina No state minimum wage law
* South Dakota $6.55
* Tennessee No state minimum wage law
* Texas $6.55
* Utah $6.55
* Vermont $7.68
* Virginia $6.55
* Washington $8.07 (with future increases linked to inflation)
* West Virginia $7.25
* Wisconsin $6.50
* Wyoming $5.15

 

 

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Considering Offering Severance Pay in Exchange for Certain Post Employment Obligations Think Again. The National Law Review An employer violated employee39s labor rights by offering her a separation agreement that contained unlawful terms ruled a National Labor Relations Board NLRB administrative law judge ALJ in Baylor Univ. Med. Ctr., Case No. 16 CA 195335 Fort

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Payson Roundup Senator seeks to block minimum wage increases Payson Roundup The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office in 2014 estimated that boosting the national minimum wage to 10.10 an hour would result in a reduction of 500,000 jobs nationally, but would mean substantial gains for 17 million workers. Dale Belman at Despite Minimum Wage Hikes, States Often Fail to Enforce the LawGoverning all 2 news articles raquo

Third Quarter Decline In Wages Was 3.6 Percent Cordova Times
Cordova Times Third quarter decline in wages was 3.6 percent Cordova Times Alaska employers paid 4.5 billion in wages for June, July and August of 2017, a 3.6 percent drop from the same period a year earlier, with 90 percent of that loss in Anchorage, the Fairbanks North Star Borough and the North Slope Borough. New data

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Facts of Law covering employee wage laws

Facts of Law - Employee Wages